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Parental Investment, School Choice, and the Persistent Benefits of Intervention in Early Childhood

We present evidence from a randomized experiment on the impacts of a six-month early childhood home-visiting program on child outcomes at school entry. Two and a half years after completion of the program, we find persistent intervention effects on …

Cost-Effectiveness of Strategies to Improve Eyeglass Access among School Children: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment

Around a quarter of primary school-aged children in rural China have vision problems that can be effectively addressed with properly fitted eyeglasses, yet less than 20% of these children own them. Through a randomized trial, we evaluate strategies …

Public Service Quality under Permanent and Fixed-Term Employment Contracts: Evidence from Physician Supply of Primary Care

A key feature of public sector employment in many countries is rigid civil service rules that effectively limit manager autonomy over hiring, firing, promotion, and compensation decisions. We study the effect of these rules by comparing the quality …

Explaining the Evolving Demand for Healthcare in Rural China 2011-2018: A Non-Linear Decomposition Approach

With a goal of reducing patient loads at upper-level health facilities, reforms of China's health system over the past decade have aimed to strengthen primary care in lower-level clinics and health centers. This paper studies the changes in rural …