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Cost-Effectiveness of Strategies to Improve Eyeglass Access among School Children: Evidence from a Randomized Experiment

Around a quarter of primary school-aged children in rural China have vision problems that can be effectively addressed with properly fitted eyeglasses, yet less than 20% of these children own them. Through a randomized trial, we evaluate strategies …

Nudging Primary Care Providers into Expanding the Labor Force for Opioid Use Disorder: A Statewide Experiment

The U.S. federal government has signaled a move to reduce one barrier to the supply of evidence-based treatments for people with opioid use disorder, but significant barriers to creating and supporting a workforce comfortable with providing …

Public Service Quality under Permanent and Fixed-Term Employment Contracts: Evidence from Physician Supply of Primary Care

A key feature of public sector employment in many countries is rigid civil service rules that effectively limit manager autonomy over hiring, firing, promotion, and compensation decisions. We study the effect of these rules by comparing the quality …

Explaining the Evolving Demand for Healthcare in Rural China 2011-2018: A Non-Linear Decomposition Approach

With a goal of reducing patient loads at upper-level health facilities, reforms of China's health system over the past decade have aimed to strengthen primary care in lower-level clinics and health centers. This paper studies the changes in rural …